Sometimes it helps to know what historians are talking about. This video gives you a 10,000 ft. view of the three basic periods of the Rome: Monarchy, Republic, and Empire.
Salvete omnes, I'm Lindsey Scholl and welcome again to "The Roman Minute," where you can sample a little bit of Rome in around a minute. Today, we're reviewing the basic periods of Roman history. These are divided into three big, century-long blocks: the Monarchy, the Republic, and the Empire. You can remember it like this: Mighty Roman Empire.
The Monarchy is the first stage. It started in 753 BC and nobody liked it. The kings were so bad that later Romans even became paranoid about the simple term "king," and rarely used it.
In 509 BC, Lucius Junius Brutus overthrew the king and founded the Roman Republic. This period is Rome's favorite: it produced the Senate (there's the Senate House there), that cool saying S.P.Q.R. (the Senate and the People of Rome), and heroes such Cincinattus, from whom we get Cincinatti.
After many ups and downs, the Republic became another monarchy--but it did NOT have a king. Instead, it kept the Senate and added an emperor. So it's called the Empire. The Western Empire period lasted from 27 BC all the way up to 476 AD, and the church that I spoke about a few weeks ago was from the latter part of that period. So there you have the Monarchy, the Republic, and the Empire, the three stages of Roman history.
I'm Dr. Lindsey Scholl bringing you "The Roman Minute" and wishing you Pax Christi.